What is an Unfair Labor Practice and how does it differ from a grievance?

An unfair labor practice is defined by statute. Generally speaking, it is a claim that an employer has taken action that interferes with an employee's rights to organize;  alternatively, it can include employer action that interferes with a union's ability to fairly represent it’s members.  Examples include employer’s actions to unilaterally alter agreed upon terms of employment contained in a collective bargaining contact; refusing to negotiate in good faith; intimidating employees to prevent them from participating in union organizing; or interference with a union’s right to represent its members. A grievance, in contrast, is a claim that the employer has violated the terms of a collective bargaining agreement.

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